one trophic level to the next. These data give credence to the hypothesis that if vertical farming could replace most of the worlds traditional food production schemes, then ecosystem services that reinforce a healthy life style (e.g., clean water, clean air) would be restored. Converts black and gray water to drinking water. Am J Clin Nutr. The social benefits of urban agriculture promise an equally rewarding set of achievable goals. It took only three years for the water draining the damaged area to return to its original high quality (66).
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Total metal concentrations and partitioning of Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni and Zn in sewage sludge. The first is the establishment of sustainability as an ethic for human behavior (92). United States Census Bureau. Waste management and urban sustainability, today, we face the challenge of trying to understand enough about the process of ecological balance to incorporate it into our daily lives (i.e., do no harm). If we are to live in a balanced extraterrestrial environment, we must somehow learn how to do it here first. Nguyen HM, Tu BM, Watanabe M, Kunisue T, Monirith I, Tanabe S, Sakai S, Subramanian A, Sasikumar K, Pham HV, Bui CT, Tana TS, Prudente. Thus, the second most important reason to consider converting to vertical farming relates to how we handle waste (67 and particularly that which comes from living in urban centers (68; see also: mayors. Social benefits of vertical farming Eliminating a significant percentage of land dedicated to traditional farming has obvious health advantages regarding the restoration of ecosystem services, and for the immediate improvement of biodiversity by simultaneously restoring ecosystem functions, as well. Mono-crops are extraordinarily vulnerable to a wide range of insect pests and microbial disease agents due to the very nature of farming (i.e., growing large numbers of a given plant species in a confined area). Many of them are zoonotic and their life cycles would not normally include humans were it not for encroachment, an activity driven by the need to expand farming into the natural landscape (13).