are actually understood to be such only insofar as they promote gain. 83 In 1988, theologian Stephen Westerholm argued that Luther's attacks on Jews were part and parcel of his attack on the Catholic Churchthat Luther was applying a Pauline critique of Phariseism as legalistic and hypocritical to the Catholic Church. Brecht, 2:25154; Bainton, Mentor edition, 266. 59 "Was die Gegner auf alle diese Stellen antworten werden, ist leicht zu errathen. 226 The city of Nuremberg presented a first edition of On the Jews and their Lies to Julius Streicher, editor of the Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer, on his birthday in 1937; the newspaper described it as the most radically anti-Semitic tract ever published. 60 Hans Hinkel, leader of the Luther League 's magazine Deutsche Kultur-Wacht, and of the Berlin chapter of the Kampfbund, paid tribute to Luther in his acceptance speech as head of both the Jewish section and the film department of Goebbel 's Chamber of Culture. In 1536, he began to suffer from kidney and bladder stones, arthritis, and an ear infection ruptured an ear drum. 118 He did not intend it as a replacement for his 1523 adaptation of the Latin Mass but as an alternative for the "simple people a "public stimulation for people to believe and become Christians." 119 Luther based his order on the Catholic service but. Forced off the land, they had gone into commerce and, having been expelled from commerce, into money lending. Some scholars see Luther's influence as limited, and the Nazis' use of his work as opportunistic.
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January 6, 2004 Bibliography edit Bainton, Roland. "Faith is that which brings the Holy Spirit through the merits of Christ." 47 Faith, for Luther, was a gift from God; the experience of being essay on antigone theme justified by faith was "as though I had been born again." His entry into Paradise, no less, was. 180 He consistently rejected the idea of a Holy War, "as though our people were an army of Christians against the Turks, who were enemies of Christ. 184 He made clear, however, that the spiritual war against an alien faith was separate, to be waged through prayer and repentance. 91 Revolts broke out in Franconia, Swabia, and Thuringia in 1524, even drawing support from disaffected nobles, many of whom were in debt. It has to distance itself from every expression of anti-Judaism in Lutheran theology." 99 A strong position statement was issued by The Lutheran Evangelical Protestant Church (lepc) (gcepc) saying, "The Jewish people are God's chosen people. The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther's Theology. 30 On, he was awarded his Doctor of Theology and, on, was received into the senate of the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg, 31 having succeeded Staupitz as chair of theology.
76 Robert Waite, in his psychohistory of Hitler and Nazi Germany, devoted an entire section to Luther's influence on Hitler and Nazi ideology. And Katz, Steven. He said, "I lost touch with Christ the Savior and Comforter, and made of him the jailer and hangman of my poor soul." 27 Johann von Staupitz, his superior, pointed Luther's mind away from continual reflection upon his sins toward the merits of Christ.