blacks in America, especially in its expression in one of the best-known traditional spirituals, "We Are Climbing Jacob's. It speaks of climbing "higher and higher" to become "soldiers of the Lord includes the exhortation "Keep on climbing, we will make it and ends with the question, "Children do you want your freedom?" In this light, it becomes easy to see Hughes's mother figure. The speaker equates the history of African-Americans with an endless flight of broken-down stairs, such as might be found in the the cramped and crumbling tenements in which many poor blacks found themselves forced to live in the ghetto neighborhoods of the northern cities. The poets mother, who speaks in the voice of the African- American teaches him he need not abandon that american women& 39s movement essay tradition in order to write poetry.
The poet's "mother who speaks in the voice of the African- American teaches him he need not abandon that tradition in order to write poetry. African American Review 28,. Hughes and his mother lived most of their lives in poverty. The reader is thus drawn into the poem, as the son's frustrations become our own, and the mother's advice becomes directed. As readers, we know the message for us is that you cant give up, even though you will face challengesjust like you have to keep going on a staircase even though the staircase has many obstacles. In another famous Hughes poem, entitled "The Negro Mother we find a similar speaker in a similar dramatic situation.In "The Negro Mother which was written some years after"Mother to Son the speaker also tells her children about the "dark" and difficult "climb" she has faced. Would he strive to represent his race in poetry, and be a self-consciously black poet, or would he reject a racial poetic identity, as poets like Countee Cullen would try to do? During the 1950s he completed several memorable anthologies, including. Herioc Hussies and Brilliant Queers: Genderracial Resistance in the Works of Langston Hughes. She is indeed the epitome of the African proverb or specifically the Akan proverb that says: The death of a mother marks the end of ones family.