our above example, the point of maximum return for first-year graduate students would be 6 cups of coffee; they receive the most social approval for drinking exactly that many cups. As a result, every Blue Tribe institution is permanently licensed to take whatever emergency measures are necessary against the Red Tribe, however disturbing they might otherwise seem. I cant blame him. I mean, from a utilitarian point of view, you are still doing the correct action of not giving people grief because theyre a divorcee. Even when I go out to eat, it turns out my favorite restaurant, California Pizza Kitchen, is the most liberal restaurant in the United States. "Descriptive Social Norms as Underappreciated Sources of Social Control". Social Norms, New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Equilibrium selection is closely related to coordination. "Conformity, status, and idiosyncrasy credit". 29 30 An Injunctive norm, on the other hand, transmits group approval about a particular behavior; it dictates how an individual should behave. For example, it may be the case that among first-year graduate students, strong social norms around how many daily cups of coffee you drink exist.
The Journal of Politics. Crime is considered one of the most extreme forms of deviancy according to scholar Clifford. The cultural phenomenon that is the norm is the prescriber of acceptable behavior in specific instances. And much lower crime rates? Content warning: Politics, religion, social justice, spoilers for The Secret of Father Brown.
McElreath,.; Boyd,.; Richerson,.J. However, a rational person only acts according to the rule if it is optimal for them. Lets start by asking what exactly an outgroup. This is not surprising. Group tolerance for deviation varies across membership; not all group members receive the same treatment for norm violations.