where Diwali is the day Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman reached Ayodhya after a period in exile and Rama's army of good defeated demon king Ravana 's army of evil. Meri Khoj Ek Bharat. "Gopashtami and Govardhan Puja: Two Krishna Festivals of India". For the related Nepalese festival, see. Sometimes these are wrapped with edible silver foil ( vark ). The festival formally begins two days before the night of Diwali, and ends two days thereafter. 98 Diwali is also marked with fireworks and the decoration of floors with rangoli designs. At night earthen lamps, candles, etc., are lit illuminating the dark night, sweets and greetings are exchanged and Lakshmi the goddess of wealth and prosperity is worshipped. They bring peace and joy to the masses.
It was in early 20th-century, states Harjot Oberoi a scholar of Sikh history, when the Khalsa Tract Society triggered by the Singh Sabha Movement sought to establish a Sikh identity distinct from the Hindus and the Muslims. A symbolic piece of traditional fertilizer, a dried piece of cow dung, is included in the ensemble in Odisha and Deccan region villages, an agricultural motif according to Kinsley.
Diwali Encyclopdia Britannica (2009) a b c Vasudha Narayanan; Deborah Heiligman (2008). Hindu Festivals Hinduism Today (2010) Carol Plum-Ucci (2007 Celebrate Diwali, Enslow Publishers, isbn, page 39-57 Bridget Brereton (1996). 6 7 69 Hinduism edit Diwali is celebrated in the honour of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Doi :.1007/. They launched a sustained campaign to discourage Sikhs from participating in Holi and Diwali, renaming the festivals, need help writing college essay essays publishing the seasonal greeting cards in the Gurmukhi language and relinking their religious significance to Sikh historical events. The businessmen close their old accounts and open the new ones. Diwali is the most prominent of Hindu festivals. "Dipavali" and "Deepavali" redirect here. It is traditionally a time when households purchase new clothing, home refurbishments, gifts, gold, jewelry, 140 141 and other large purchases particularly as the festival is dedicated to Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, and such purchases are considered auspicious. 47 King Harsha refers to Deepavali, in the 7th century Sanskrit play Nagananda, as Deepapratipadutsava ( Deepa light, pratipada first day, utsava festival where lamps were lit and newly engaged brides and grooms received gifts.